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Pickleball Terms and Definitions

Published: 2022-04-12
Pickleball Terms and Definitions
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SportsEdTV Editors have compiled a Pickleball Thesaurus. 

Webster defines thesaurus as words or information about a particular field or set of concepts. 

Our Pickleball Thesaurus is meant to offer an easy reference to terms and lingo in the fastest-growing sport we know. 

Perhaps because Pickleball’s meteoric growth holds a mirror to our own, we understand the nuance of learning new ways to communicate, compete, and play. 

So Pickleball newbies and curious, below is the blending of several authoritative sources on the subject in an alphabetized sequence presented with an emphasis on simplicity. 

 

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Ace 

A legal serve in the accepted serving area and has not been touched by a receiver.

Approach Shot 

Played while moving forward and toward the net.

Around the Post

Often made playing a wide dink, this shot travels around the net post and usually lands near the opposite backcourt line.

Backhand 

A cross-body swing made with the back of the hand and paddle leading the motion.

Backspin

a struck ball rotating backward through the air.  The strike is applied in a high-to-low arc.  Often called a cut or sliced shot.

Ball 

Made of plastic, the Pickleball has holes resembling a whiffle ball.

Banger

Describes a way of playing.  A banger’s shots are hard and driving.

Baseline 

Generally 22 feet from the net, the baseline marks the back of the court.

Beer Bracket

A nickname for early elimination during tournaments, relegating competitors to audience status.

Bounce It"

A call from your playing partner to avoid striking an incoming shot that appears to be headed out of bounds.

Carry

Describes a stroke in which the ball tends to carry along the face of the paddle rather than immediately bouncing off of it.

Centerline

A line equally dividing the service court from the non-volley zone.

Champion Shot

in the non-volley zone, a Pickleball shot bounces twice.

Chop 

A downward stroke that applies backspin to the Pickleball.

Crosscourt

Is your opponent’s court diagonally opposite from yours?

Crosscourt Dink

A soft shot that travels from one side of the court, over the net, to the other side, usually falling into the opponent’s non-volley zone or kitchen.

Dead Ball

Play stops after a fault is declared and resumes on the next service.

Dill Ball 

A ball in play is a standard shot that has bounced once on the opponent's side.

Dink 

A shot struck softly so it drops into the opponent’s non-volley zone and is often difficult to return.

Dinker

describes the style of play of a player who frequently hits soft shots.

Double Bounce Rule

The requirement to let the ball bounce twice on the serve and its return before you can volley it.

Double Hit

Occurs in a single groundstroke when the ball hits the paddle twice.

Doubles

Teams of two players in the competition.

Drive

Describing a low shot aimed at the opponent's backcourt,

Drop in Play

Take many forms.  All are intended as simple reservations to decide who plays next on a court.  It can be as simple as laying paddles down in a sequence of who is next to play.  Indoor pickleball facilities may have sign-up sheets.  One of the weaknesses of this system results in players of widely varying skill levels ending up on the court together.

Drop Shot

Another soft shot that clears the net and falls short of the opposing players, usually in the non-volley zone.

Ejection

Prohibiting a player from further play in a tournament is often due to unacceptable behavior as determined by the tournament director.

Erne

A unique shot requiring agility that often occurs during a dinking rally.  An Erne happens when a ball is struck out of the air with the striker standing outside the inner part of the court and the other side of the sideline, parallel to the non-volley zone.

Falafel

Pickleball slang for a weak bounce off a paddle that doesn't go far.

Fault

The end of a rally caused by a rule violation.

First Serve 

At the beginning of a new game, one partner from the first serving team is allowed to serve until after the first fault when the serve switches to the opposing team.

Flapjack

Pickleball slang for a shot that must bounce before being hit.

Forehand

The stroke made by leading the swing with the palm of the hand and front of the paddle adding energy to the strike.

Foot Fault

A foot fault can occur in a couple of ways.  On the serve, both feet must stay behind the baseline, and one of them has to stay in contact with the surface.  Another foot fault can occur by stepping on or into the non-volley zone.

Game

Most Pickleball games are played until one team accumulates 11 points, with a two-point margin.  Some tournaments play games of 15 or 21 points, again with a requisite two-point winning margin.

Grip

Describes how the hand is placed on the handle of the paddle.  There are versions known as the continental, western, and eastern grips.

Groundstroke

Usually struck from the back of the court, a groundstroke is a shot that is executed following the required ball bounce or bounces.

Half Volley

This is a scoop-like stroke where the player strikes the ball shortly after the bounce. 

Hinder

Play that is affected by any elemental occurrence.

Junior Player

Pickleball competitors between 7 and 19, as determined by the USA Pickleball Association

 Kitchen

Is Pickleball slang for the non-volley zone, often attributed to the ease of pronunciation as compared to its official designation, especially in dynamic play.

Ladder

This is a graphical depiction of players' names in an event or league showing their win/loss progress in the events scoring system.

Level Play

Describes the skill level of players.  The pickleball rating system goes from 1.0 to 8.  Knowing your numeric skill level helps you choose playing times, partners, and places to play.

Line Call

Called when the ball lands in or out of the lines.

Lob

A shot forcing the opponent to the baseline, shaped high and deep.

 

Match

Games in a series that determine a winner.  Tournaments usually consist of a series of matches.

Mid-Court

The area between the No-Volley-Zone and the backcourt is often called "no man's land."

Nasty Nelson

refers to a somewhat controversial and playful shot where the server intentionally hits the ball at one of the opposing players.

 “Nice Setup”

A pickleball compliment for play that moves an opponent, leaving an exposed section and encouraging a point score.

“Nice Get”

Another Pickleball compliment for returning a ball that is difficult to reach.

“Nice Rally”

All players share the compliment after several shots between the teams.

Non-Volley Zone

Adjacent to the net, it measures seven feet deep, and players, by rule, are prohibited from volleying from it, although a player can be in it, but to hit the Pickleball, it must have first bounced. In Pickleball slang, it is known as "The Kitchen."

 

“Opa!”

An exclamation signifying that the requisite bounces have been met and the ball is now open to volleying.

Open Play

This is a first cousin of drop-in play.  All you simply need to do is find out where and when and then show up with a paddle in hand.  Some pickleball facilities divide court time between players' skill levels, so checking first is suggested.

Overhead

Striking a Pickleball that is above the player’s head.

Paddle

The implement used to strike the Pickleball.  It is not called a racquet.

 

https://www.gammasports.com/pickleball/paddles

 

 

Paddle Grip

This is the handle of the striking tool used in Pickleball.

Passing Shot

Aimed at a distance difficult for an opponent to reach, this volley or groundstroke is meant to prevent returns.

Permanent Object

Anything or anyone that is near or on the court that could interfere with play.

Pickled

A term designating that a team has lost and scored no points.

Pickler

A Pickleball fan, player, or aficionado.

Plane of the Net

Vertical imaginary planes that go beyond the actual net on all sides.

Poach

During doubles play, a partner crosses into a teammate's side of the court to make a stroke.

Profanity

Potential violation in tournament play as adjudicated by the Tournament Director. 

Punch

A short, fast shot made with a minimal backswing, usually a volley, stabbing the ball out of the air before it bounces.

Put Away

It's a hard, sure shot with zero chance of a return. 

Rally

A long series of shots between opposing players or teams.

Rally Scoring

A method of Pickleball scoring considered non-standard, in which all sides can earn a point.   The rally-winning team gets the point and then serves.

Rating

A level attained based on skill as determined by the USA Pickleball system.

Ready Position

An athletic stance designed for good returns.  Generally, with the paddle in front of the body, which is in balance and ready to react quickly.

Replay

A rally that is repeated for any acceptable reason.

Retirement

When a player, for any reason, decides to stop the match and award a win to an opponent.

Round Robin Play

This Is a popular playing model for a group between 4 and 8 players in which partners are rotated by some form of random selection after each game.

Scramble

In a scramble format, players compete in a division or bracket with other competitors of similar skill levels.

Second Serve

Two serving attempts are allocated to a doubles team.  When the first one fails, the partners switch, and the other teammate serves the second try. If that fails, the service is awarded to the opposing team.

Serve

An underhand stroke that puts the ball in play and starts the point.  Also called Service.

Service Only Scoring

In formal rec Pickleball, a player or team must be serving to record a point.  If the point is lost, the serve transfers to the opponent. It is not the case with rally scoring.

Server Number

Applied in doubles play, number 1 or number 2 is designated to the player depending on their team’s server sequence. 

Service Court

Area on each side of the centerline bounded by the baseline, sidelines, and the non-volley line.  Except for the non-volley line, all lines are in play.

Shadowing

A term describing synchronization with a partner, sharing space, generally equally and apart.

Sideline

The separator designating in and out of bounds at the side of the court.  The line itself is inbounds.

Side-Out

After losing the point on a serve, the serving side relinquishes the serve to the opponent.

Singles

Two players compete, one on each side of the net.

Skinny Singles

Two players, one on each side, compete using half of the court, with the centerline becoming a sideline. 

Slammers

Hard and fast strikers. 

Stacking

A rule-allowed strategy that permits doubles teammates to play on the same side of the court and, during play, shift into a desired position.  Notably, it is used by teams where players are left and right-handed.

Technical Foul

During tournament play, this is a penalty called by the referee.

Third Shot Drop

Often used on the third shot to slow the play and reset, allowing the serving team time to get near the non-volley zone area.

Topspin

A Pickleball rotating in the direction of the intended flight, applied by a stroke with a low to high arc at contact is made.

Transition Zone

Refers to the court area between the baseline and the Non-Volley Line.

Unforced Error

When a shot fails when success is expected.

Verbal Warning

In Pickleball-sanctioned tournaments, a referee’s verbal warning may be issued to each team per match for a list of infractions outlined in the rules. A second verbal warning triggers a Technical Foul, which awards a point to the opponent.

Volley

A paddle strike on the Pickleball before it touches the ground.

“Volley Llama”

Slang for an illegal shot when a player hits the ball into the Non-Volley Zone.2